ORGANISMS OF HISTORY
"The evolution of human individuals into macro-social
organisms, follows the pattern of evolution from individual cells
to human beings, at a greater scale. In this manner human citizens
act as cells of social organisms, in which a territorial body,
provides energy to human beings, and networks of verbal and visual
information (art, laws, religions) , organize the life of individual
Planetary ecosystems and organisms
The Earth is the vital-space, the body, where human social organisms evolve. On the Earth, there has been till date 3 social ecosystems, the first to appear, Nature, was based in carbolife; then History appeared, based in human life, and finally the social ecosystem of Economics has been evolved based in metal-species, money, weapons and machines. Since those 3 organic systems, and species have been dominant in 3 different ages of the Earth, we can talk in fact of a mutation of the Earth's ecosystem, from the Life-earth, to the Human-earth, to the Metal Earth. If we study each of those 3 stages of the Earth, as a global organic ecosystem, we can easily define the ecosystems of the Earth's crust in organic terms, since each ecosystem has created different networks of energy and information, to cater to those species.
that sense we can compare a human individual organism, to a collective social
organism, a nation or a civilization. What those two Universal organic systems
have in common?
If you see the graph above, what defines both systems as organisms or organizations,
are a series of common elements, so similar to individual humans and human societies
that permit to study cultures and civilizations with organic laws.
Let us to that aim, understand first the generic structure of a social organism. In fact there are four basic elements in all organic living systems:
1. Cellular units. Which are cells in a human body, citizens in a human society.
2. Networks of energy or vital space. Which is the blood system in a human body, and the networks of transportation in a society, rivers, roads...
3. Networks of information. Which is the nervous system that organizes cells in a body, or the verbal/visual information that organizes human societies through laws, ethics and art.
4. Networks that reproduce energy and information. Sexual systems in individuals. In a society they are economical networks, that reproduce the object of societies, and cultural customs that define the ways in which humans reproduce themselves.
When we find those elements interconnected in a vital relationship, we talk of an organic system. We can see such organic systems as bodies, when all the cells are very close to each other, or as herds, when the cells are far away, and the networks are weak. However, we should not be cheated by the spatial appearance of the organism, but study the physiological functions of those networks and how they define societies, the roles of individuals in those societies, and their structure.
A herd of machines, a herd of insects, a human group is also an organic system, because it has cells, and networks, even if it does not seem to us a body.
What is bio-history.
Bio-History is based in the laws of social organisms and Theory of Evolution. Both disciplines study how bodies of energy and brains of information compete for the limited energy and information resources available in any Universal ecosystem.
In that sense, History is understood not from the perspective of the Individual species, but from the perspective of the "physiological" networks of energy and information, that truly rule and design the planetary, organic ecosystem.
So if we define a human organism as a population of RNA/DNA cells, related by networks of nervous information and networks of energy-providing blood. In the same manner we can define a historic organism, as a a social group of humans related by networks of carbolife energy, or human goods, and human information or verbal/visual art and laws.
Each social cell of such ecosystems, each animal of a herd, each man of a village, has a vital space, his home, property and agricultural fields, or a territory, in which the animal will feed, reproduce and communicate. The common networks of energy of those organisms are the river veins of the Earth. The common, main network of information is the light-rays that inform all the cells of an ecosystem, of a nation, of the living planet.
In that sense we can talk of the entire planet Earth as a living organism that host the social organism of mankind, called History. Biologists call today such Natural organism, Gaia, the living Earth. And in that sense we can define a Macrocosmic human Organism as a Social Ecosystem composed of human beings, carbolife energy, and verbal and visual networks of information based in the human mind (visual arts, and verbal thought, religions, laws, and literature):
Such ecosystems are like loose organisms where around water-energy veins, cells of human life live and survive, centered in their homes as DNA molecules survive in the home-cells of a body. To do so they need to create a natural environment, in which human food (carbolife food) can be collected, where every cell has basic human property (homes, home products, clothing); where the networks of social information based in verbal thought (laws, ethics), can run all cells and solve colliding interests. Where a collective brain (government) solves those social problems, and encourages a healthy social body, promoting human goods, organizing the social movements of the cell, to that aim, and promoting collective goods (health-care, education, verbal learning, arts). All those conditions create a healthy organism of history as the create a healthy individual organism:
Words are therefore the informative networks that organizes communities of human beings, gathered around water veins, into the first social organisms of mankind, the river civilizations.
Thus a healthy historic society is a social organism is made of human citizens, ruled by networks of verbal information, laws, ethic systems, etc. The law is indeed the verbal nervous system of the human society. Legal mandates control the life and death of human cells, motivate or forbid certain actions, and through those actions mobilize the social body and control the human ecosystem.
Without laws we cannot understand historic organisms. Laws rule in an invisible manner the acts of people, forbidding certain acts and encouraging others. In this manner as the nervous orders of the brain guide the cells of the body, and move it at pleasure, the law designs the acts of people and controls society. In this way we can also talk of certain humans, verbal masters, who create laws, as the neuron-brains that create the nervous orders. Who are they? Religious prophets and priests, lawyers, and kings who gave law, courts and parliaments who give law today. They hold the power of societies. They are the brain of social systems. Hence the importance of politics to rule properly a human organism. We can then easily establish the elements of a human social, historic organism, that has controlled mankind for 99% of our existence, in harmony with nature and the organic laws of the Universe:
Individual cells: Human beings.
Networks of information: ethic and politic laws.
Networks of energy: Systems of reproduction of basic goods, food, farming, cattle-ranching, hunting, creation of simple tools.
We call each of those systems, a culture or civilization; i.e., a mass of human beings, ruled by networks of legal information (political and religious institution) and networks of reproduction of vital energy (property, economical goods, food).
and civilizations are the biggest organisms of History. They have grown through
an entire scale of historic organisms, from simple genetic organisms (racial
tribes in which words were still secondary to genetic information) to religious
organisms based totally in word-networks (Christian, Buddhist, Muslim civilizations)
where each believer is a cell of an organic system, where the informative network
is the church and the books of revelation.
The physiological order of evolved organisms. The role of politicians and economists in a society
Political laws and economical systems that produce human-goods needed for man to survive, and behave socially in a harmonic way, are in that sense the two basic networks that regulate the health of a human society. Their importance is of course enormous, because those two systems, rule the life and death of human beings....
vision of a nation that a bio-economist or bio-historian has is very much that
of a doctor, who sees the body of a human being, as a collection of individual
cells (human beings in history), joined by two basic networks, the blood network
of energy -the economic network- and the nervous network of information, the
legal orders that society obey. When those two networks are healthy, all the
cells of your body receive energy-food and proper information, and survive.
A bio-historian sees his nation in a similar way: as a social organism, that politicians -the informative brain of laws- and industrialists -the blood system of goods- have to keep healthy, providing the proper energy and information to all the social cells, to avoid their collapse and death by the main sickness of historic organisms: war, poverty and ignorance. To him poverty and ignorance (lack of human energy and information) are anti-natural, a symptom of physiological sickness in those two organic systems. A sign of corrupted laws, and a corrupted system of credit that both reproduce lethal goods, which the body-cells do not require, such as weapons, and limit credit and production of human goods, that cells need (education, food, housing, etc.)
Why our social organisms are not healthy: informative networks (laws) should control energy networks (economies).
The scale of social order in the Universe is perhaps the most amazing prove that our metaphor of mankind as a Universal organism, is real. Since social evolution it is the natural law that organizes herds of beings in the Universe. From galaxies to atoms, from leaves to cells, from humans to worms, social organisms are gatherings of individual cells joined by informative and energetic systems. However some of those systems are better organized than others. Those who are better survive longer. Among animal beings the best organism is the mammal, in which the nervous system controls the blood system, in which the political law -we might say- controls the excesses of the economical system that delivers energy to our citizens/cells.
While the analogy of an individual human being and his territorial home and a DNA strain and its cellular territoryis easy to grasp, you have to meditate a little bit on human societies, to understand the physiological parallelism between the energy/information networks of highly evolved mammal organisms and the networks of cultures and nations, of social organisms.
The information networks of societies are made of our languages of information, which are our words, and our laws, that inform and control the behavior of people. A healthy nation, is one which has as a healthy body does, an informative, nervous-legal system that is just, that carries information to all cells, and it obliges the blood-economic system to deliver human goods to all cells. A system that is also dynamic, that can be corrected when it gives wrong orders that hurt certain cells, and it can be evolved when its laws and constitution are not fit to survive in the ever changing environment in which the organism lives... This is what a mammal system shows. Unlike a primitive worm without nervous evolution, ruled by blood flows, a complex society has informative laws to regulate the economical/blood system.
Unfortunately most of our national systems have not arrived to that degree of evolution. In most of them, the legal systems, the "Constitution" of the social body is fixed, and has not evolved for centuries. While the blood-energy system, the economic system, dominates over the nervous-legal system, as it happens in the most primitive species of animal life... Such Blood-based systems are unable to optimize resources, and distribute efficiently food to their cells, provoking bottle necks, and lack of human goods. Such blood-based systems, without the intelligence, and control the nervous system provides, carry all kind of products to their cells, including germs and poisonous products, lethal products, made mainly of metal, which destroy social civilizations by means of war, as metal atoms (mercury, cobalt, radiation) poisons individual human organisms. So our social organisms ill-designed are easy prey of external germs, metal-products that carried by sick human beings enter the social organism and exterminate the cells, reproducing their germ-goods as cells reproduce the virus that infect the body.
Further on without a proper nervous system, there is no way the cells can communicate to the brain his wantings and desires... Feed back is important in all organisms that work. If the cells, subject to erroneous laws and nervous messages, coming from the blood-economy could not complain and feed back the brain, when they lacked energy and information, the organism could be endangered.
A good healthy legal system, should be built on those basis. It should be dynamic, (without fixed constitutions) and easy to change when it hurts the people of the organic nation. It should strive to keep the order between the cells of the body, at the same time that it permits and encourages the distribution of energy and information among all of them. Who should be the master cells of such organism, the blood-market, or the political system? Obviously those who emitted the information, the laws, the nervous impulses that control and harmonize the cells of the body, the politicians.
Indeed, only very primitive social organisms, give to the blood system [as we do in our primitive free-market societies] higher rights in the guidance of the social organism, that to the informative centers... On that view two are the sickness of our Modern social organisms, which explains our social sickness, war, poverty, excess of legal goods, and sickness/pollution of our body/Earth:
- Politicians do not accomplish his role as brains of societies. Politicians, as the privileged makers of laws, are special cells of a society. Yet they owe themselves to the citizens they control, and they should also be punished and judged, and suffer when the people suffered, as it happens with the neurons of the brain. Otherwise when the organism goes wrong, if the brain cells could not feel the pain, they won't correct the errors, and the organism becomes sick. How to achieve that feed-back control of politicians? This is a problem of democratic societies, never solved properly that explains why our nations do not run so well as our bodies. Imagine that you step on a burning iron, and your brain does not notice. Your foot will burn, your feet cells will die, and you won't be able to move.
- Markets, the blood-systems that reproduce the energy elements of the organism, have an excess of power, and they reproduce lethal goods that kill instead of feeding the cells of our societies.
In a healthy organism of history markets should be submissive to the legal-informative systems that design the organism to cater the needs of all human cells. A healthy social organism has a form, a constitution, designed by the nervous-conscious system, to which the market should adapt. Only very primitive organisms on the first stages of evolution gave their blood-systems total freedom, to carry any goods they could capture and reproduce. The existence of a nervous system permits to differentiate between positive goods, that do not harm the organism, and poisons, lethal good such as weapons, or the incoming robotic revolution, that can be potential germs that kill the organism.
We call such sick social organisms ruled by markets and company-mothers, instead of legal systems, economic ecosystems. Of which the paradigm is modern America. Such systems no longer cater the needs of all cells of societies (healthy democracies) but the need of a few citizens and company-mothers that rule the organism with money.
Two paradigms of a primitive social body and a highly evolved social organism: America Vs EU
Indeed, w e have used in our graphs two different cultures as examples of a sick and a healthy organism of history:
America today is perhaps the most clear prove of the illness of a primitive social system, where the blood-reproductive system of the economy reproduces all kind of things, without the guidance of a central brain, that establishes what the cellular system needs. Today in America there are under production of necessary goods such as education, health-care, and all goods related to aesthetics and ethics (urbanism, care of the natural resources, design, arts). While the germs, that infect the body of history, the metal-goods promoted by animetals, scientific machines, weapons and money multiply without limit, and cause endemic violence, destroy human values, and move America towards its extinction by the robotic radiation.
On the other hand Europe has shown in the past decades what a healthy organism of history can achieve for his individual cells, when an able body of verbal minds, who care for the welfare of the entire social organism create laws that control the excesses of lethal goods, and the power of free economic ecosystems. The European civilization destroyed in II W.W. has achieved today a degree of peace, social welfare, and good life for his individual citizens unparalleled in any region of the world, including America, which spends most of his wealth in lethal goods, from violent entertainment to weapons of all kind, that might count as wealth in GNP statistics, but merely cause havoc and lower the standards of life of their citizens.
Unlike Europe where at least after the II World war there was an attempt to create a sophisticated nervous system, avoiding lethal goods, and promoting human goods, the main illness of America is the predominance of the blood system over the nervous system, of wealth over health, of fat, over beauty. Indeed, in physiology we learn that when the blood system predominates, people tend to become fat, unhealthy... with an excess of energy...
It is indeed clear, that in all organisms -big or small, made of cells, or human individuals- each member of the organism should have according to the natural law of organisms, food and proper information to survive. So the nervous-legal system should create the constitutional frame and laws, for such things to happen. After all every single cell of a healthy body receives from its energy-blood system, and its nervous-information system, a minimum quantity of those two precious goods needed to survive. Or else the body falls sick, and the entire organism suffers. However human beings lack those minimal goods in present societies, because our economic ecosystem is geared to produce not the goods human beings need, but the goods machines need; electricity instead of food, digital information instead of verbal knowledge; factories to reproduce machines instead of houses and hospital... The result is that
Economic ecosystems give higher power to machines and company-mothers, than to human beings.
Machines and carbolife species, often compete for limited resources, in economic ecosystems. For example, when railroads - bodies of metal - came; they competed as systems of transportation with horses - bodies of carbolife - which became obsolete and were eliminated from the economic ecosystem in massive numbers.
This approach means a fundamental advance for economical and historic sciences:
We can now expand the concept of organisms fighting for energy ad information to survive, beyond the carbolife kingdom, to the world of 'metal-organisms', of machines. We can describe machines no longer in abstract, but in vital terms, and understand much better the 'real relationships of symbiotism and preying' that machines, nature, and human beings have established throughout history. Till now those relationships had been hidden by abstract economical formulas that missed fundamental facts of modern history, such as the 'massive extinction of Nature' caused by industrial processes of reproduction of machines symbiotic to men; or the creation of networks of energy and information, based in such 'organic machines', and their effects on human bodies and minds.
We can indeed talk since the Evolution of Machines started in the XVIII century of two Earth's ecosystems.
-The carbolife ecosystem, that men ruled as top predators of nature, for 2 million years.
-The Industrial ecosystem, based in metal-machines, which need different energy and information, and often compete for vital space, with species of the ecosystem of nature.
Machines do compete with life. Machines and company-mothers, who 'reproduce them' and take care of 'the networks of energy and information of machines' have displaced natural environments and created industrial ecosystems. Forests, horses, and wild life are today substituted by networks of roads and cars...
In that sense it is obvious that since the arrival of science, and companies, reproducers of machines, the Human Earth, the ecosystem of human organisms ruled by artistic, verbal and visual information, has radically changed. Today verbal networks of information are secondary to monetary and digital networks, and networks of human energy [agricultural fields, rivers and other natural ways of communication] have been substituted by energy networks that feed machines, or allow those machines to move around the Earth (roads, pipes, electricity lines).
It is clear that the ecosystem of the Earth has changed radically, and social, historic organisms have mutated, from networks of energy and information belonging to the natural, biological languages of mankind (artistic and verbal networks, carbolife energy and nature), to networks of energy and information composed of metallic species, either money, or metal-minds (TV, internet networks). For that reason we say that the Earth is changing, mutating from a soft Earth, made of carbolife networks, to a hard Earth, made of machines and human beings.
The process means an entire terraforming of the Earth, caused by the machines science has invented. Such change could be compared to the mutation of a soft larva organism that becomes a hard insect. It implies the arrival of new organic forms, machines and economic nations, ruled by metal-networks. So we could talk of a new planetary Organism, the Metal-earth, which is poisoning, and extinguishing the organism of human history. Why is happening that? Because we men have been able to construct a well-working, functional, healthy organism of Global history. The consequence of our ill-designed social organisms, is that the organism of machines, the economic organism prey over the human organism.